A persistent compulsive use of something known by the user to be harmful
Addiction can come in many different form or through many different substances. For example, alcohol, although when used in moderation may not be a form of addiction, can and has been known to become addictive. Other substances such as illegal drugs like heroin or cocaine may also be a substance that becomes addictive. Activities such as exercise or eating may become addictive, although in and of themselves are not pathological. Other things such as gambling or pornography can become an addictive activity as well. What all of these things have in common is a cycle of dependence, tolerance, and some form of enabling and denial about the problem.
What Causes Addiction?
The cause of addiction is as diverse as the individuals who struggle with it, as well as the activities or substances used. The etiology, then, is a combination of both biological and psychological factors. On the one hand, substances such as heroin target the dopamine neurotransmitters in the brain and cause feelings of elation and euphoria far beyond any natural substance that the human brain was made to experience. This may lead to both a chemical or biological addiction. But it may also lead to a psychological addiction as the addict seeks out the experience of the high.
How To Treat Addiction
Cognitive Behavior Therapy attempts to change patterns of addiction through cognitive restructuring. Treatment will focus on reducing symptoms by modifying distortions in thinking, which will in turn correct maladaptive behavior.
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The Cognitive Behavior Institute provides quality care, in a comfortable environment and uses the latest techniques to ensure its patients receive the best treatment possible.
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