Mood Disorders, such as bipolar or unipolar disorders, affect approximately 5.7 million Americans, or about 2.6% of the population. The medical age of onset for bipolar disorder is 25 years of age. An equal number of men and women develop bipolar illness. Bipolar disorder is the sixth leading cause of disability in the world. Bipolar disorder results in 9.2 years reduction in expected lie span and as many as one in five patients with bipolar disorder completes suicide.
Symptoms of bipolar include mood wings and intense emotion states that occur in episodes. One one end, called the manic episode, symptoms include irritability, goal directive activities, high risk activities, decreased need for sleep, pressure of speech, cognitive hyper-functioning such as grandiose delusions, inflated self-worth, flight of ideas or racing thoughts. This manic period lasts more than 1 week. Mood will then swing into a depressive episode.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) focuses on several goals for successful management of bipolar symptoms. Improved functioning is an overall goal. Recognizing the early warning signs of mood and mood swings is another important function of CBT. Charting mood and and relapse prevention are also goals of CBT for bipolar disorder as well.