Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD):
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder. It is an illness that traps individuals in cycles of repetitive thoughts, actions, and behaviors. The anxiety component (nervousness) produced by these thoughts leads an individual to an urgent need to perform certain rituals or routines (compulsions). The routines are performed in an attempt to prevent the thoughts or make them go away. Doing things in routine may temporarily alleviate anxiety, but the individual will continue to perform the ritual several times when the obsessive thoughts return. This OCD cycle can become so severe that it begins taking up several new hours of the individuals day and significantly interfering with their day to day activities. Individuals with OCD are often aware that their obsessions and compulsions are senseless or unrealistic, but they are not able to stop them.
The symptoms of OCD include but are not limited to:
Having a fear of dirt or contamination by germs, making mistakes, being embarrassed, thinking evil or sinful thoughts. They often long for order, symmetry, or exactness in their lives. They have an excessive amount of doubt and they need constant reassurance. Individuals may repeatedly bathe, shower, or wash their hands. They may refuse to engage in shaking someone’s hands or things like door handles that others repeatedly touched. They tend to repeatedly checking things, such as locks, or stoves. Individuals tend to count everything constantly, whether it be mentally or aloud, while performing routine task. Constantly arranging things in a certain way or Eating foods in a specific order. Repeating specific words, phrases, or prayers. Needing to perform tasks a certain number of times. Or even collecting or hoarding items with no value.
Treatment of this disorder consist of :
A form of cognitive behavioral therapy called exposure and response prevention is considered the most effective type of counseling for individuals with OCD. This type of therapy will repeatedly expose you to your obsession, and you will deny yourself the ritual compulsive act. This therapy is done both with your therapist and on your own time.