Bipolar I Disorder

Bipolar I by Jared Duffy

What is Bipolar I Disorder?

Bipolar I disorder, also known as manic-depressive disorder, is a brain disorder that can cause unusual shifts in a person’s mood, energy, and ability to function. This shifts can go from a manic-state (elevated/ high mood) to a depressive state (down/ low mood).

To meet to criteria for having a Bipolar I diagnosis it is necessary that the individual meet the criteria for a manic episode and that the manic episode may have been proceeded by and may be followed by a hypomanic or major depressive episode.

Manic Episode Major Depressive Episode
Inflated self-esteem (Grandiosity) Depressed mood most of day, nearly every day
Decreased need for sleep Diminished interest or pleasure in activities
More talkative than usual Weight loss or weight gain
Distractibility Lack of sleep or excessive sleep
Flight of ideas Loss of energy
Impulsivity Feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt
Increase in goal directed activity Thoughts of death, suicide ideation or attempt

To have criteria for a diagnosis of mania an individual must have three of more of the following symptoms (from the list provided) as well as an impairment in social or occupational functioning.

To have the criteria for a major depressive episode an individual must present with 5 or more symptoms (from the list provided) for a period of at least 2 weeks, also causing distress in social or occupational functioning.

* This list gives a basic overview and does not go into full detail regarding symptoms

Co-morbidity:

While an individual is experiencing these symptoms, there may be a chance that it is caused by a different diagnosis or due to drugs/alcohol.

Some individuals may be experiencing other disorders such as: Anxiety Disorder, Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Impulse Control Disorder, a Conduct Disorder, or some type of Substance-abuse Disorder.

What are treatments for Bipolar I Disorder?

Research has shown that a combination of medication and psychotherapy (such as Cognitive Behavior Therapy, interpersonal , social rhythm therapy, and psychoeducation) can be beneficial in the treatment of individuals with Bipolar Disorder. It is important to understand that everyone is not the same, and sometimes several attempts to get the correct medication for treatment may be needed. It is also important to take your medication regularly and speak with your doctor about any problems. If you are interested in talking with the Cognitive Behavior Institute about how to cope with your symptoms or with you family member who has been diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder, contact us or give us a call at: (724) 609-5002.

If you or someone you know is having thoughts of suicide please contact someone immediately.

Resolve Crisis Network – (888) 796-8226
Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic – (412) 624-2100

Mercy Behavioral Health – 1 (877) 637-2924
Cognitive Behavior Institute – (724) 609-5002

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